Doshas and the Gunas
Students of Ayurveda frequently ask whether there is a relationship between the three doshas and the three gunas. There is no direct correspondence. The gunas are the subtlest principles in all forms of energies. Every form of energy physical or mental will have the gunas in a particular ratio. The doshas are grosser energies that makes up the physical body. So each dosha will have all the three gunas in some proportion. Vata is approximately 75% rajas, 20%sattwa and 5% tamas. Pitta is 50% or a bit more sattwa, 45% rajas and 5% tamas. Kapha is 75% tamas 15% sattwa and very little rajas. This is just an approximation not a fixed rule. The proportions can vary. Also it can be understood in this way. Sattwa is present in vata as clarity, creativity and lightness; in pitta as knowledge, understanding; in kapha as love, compassion and forgiveness. Rajas is present is vata as hyperactivity, nervousness, fear, anxiety and ungroundedness; in pitta as aggressiveness, competitiveness, power and prestige; in kapha as attachment, greed and possessiveness. Tamas is present in vata as confusion, indecisiveness, sadness and grief; in pitta as anger, hatred, envy and jealousy; in kapha as depression and deep confusion.
The Doshas and their qualities
The vata individuals have light, flexible bodies. They have light muscles and little fat. They tend to be slim or underweight. They may be too tall or too short. They sometimes appear under developed with flat chests and less strength and stamina. Their bodies need sweet, sour and salty tastes. Constipation is the most common ailment. Vatas walk quickly, eat quickly and always in a rush. Vatas are drawn to a lot of sexual activity but excess sex is one cause of aggravated vata. Vatas have clarity of mind, mental flexibility and creativity, good imagination and come up with new ideas.