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Correlation of nadas in ancient Indian scriptures and meridians in ancient Chinese medicine.

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Yogic Sciences
Shruddha. S.
under the guidance of Dr R Nagarathna & Dr H R Nagendra
Division of yoga and life science,
Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana 
Deemed University, Recognized by Government of India, Ministry of HRD, New Delhi 

Abstract : The present study is done to have a comprehensive view of the concepts of nadas and Meridians in the ancient Indian scriptures and the ancient Chinese medicine respectively. The word nada comes from the Sanskrita root nad, meaning movement. In the Rigveda, it means stream. In yoga, nadas are the channels of Kundalini energy. Ayurveda mentions 72,000 different nadas. Tantra yoga identifies 14 principle nadas of which the following three namely ida, Pingala, and the sushumna nada are important. . Chinese medicine proposes that there are currents of energy in the body, called meridians that are modulated by the effects of yin and yang, and influenced by environmental and emotional effects. There were correlations found between nadas and meridians in regard to various aspects.

Energy as Qi and prana is found in writing of ancient medical guide such as "Yellow emperor's Guide" in Chinese, and Ayurvedic system in India. The Chinese mode is more synthetic, it tends to see how different phenomena are inter-connected, in Chinese thought, man has never been separated from nature, he is an inseparable part of his environment, the idea is conveyed that human beings are an integral part of nature, but only a small part. The goal is not to dominate nature, but to to live in harmony with it. Hence, a relation is found between ancient Indian scriptures and ancient Chinese medicine and hence an overall view of most of the concepts of nadas and meridians are outlined in the study. Further research may be done on the details of the diagnosis of disease based on nadas and Meridians.


Summary & Conclusion : The present study is done to have a comprehensive view of the concepts of nadis and meridians in the ancient Indian scriptures and the ancient Chinese medicine respectively. The word nadi comes from the Sanskrita root NAD, meaning movement. In yoga, nadis are the channels of Kundalini energy. The concept of nadis is based on the understanding that they are channels; any channel through which anything flows is a nadi. There are two types of nadis, Subtle, non material, invisible channels of subtle energy called yoga nadis. Gross channels of subtle energy, visible as cords, vessels, or tubes. The concept of nadis is told according to various Indian scriptures such as Ayurveda, Hatha Yoga, Tantra yoga Kathopanishad, Prashnopanishad, Varahopanishad, Gheranda sanhita, Shiva swarodaya Shiva Sanhita.

Chinese Medicine refers to Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chinese Medicine). It is an ancient system of medicine and health care the oldest, continually practiced, literate medicine in the world that is based on the concept of balanced Qi or vital energy that flows throughout the body. The ancient Chinese described an essential life-force or vital-energy called Qi, which is present throughout the cosmos and in every living creature. These meridians link the vital organs inside with the skin and muscles on the body surface, as well as form the channels of communication between the vital organs and accessory organs of the body. As long as Qi flows freely throughout the meridians, health is maintained. Disruption of the flow of Qi through the meridians results in pain and illness. The use of acupuncture can correct such disruption by shunting Qi to those areas where it is deficient and draining it from areas where it is excess. These meridians form an invisible network that carries chi to every tissue in the body. Five Element theory postulates the Qi (Ki, Chi) which constitutes the universe can be subdivided into five different phases, namely Fire, Earth, Metal, Water and Wood. The human body contains all five of these qualities. The pulse system is highly developed in Chinese medicine, and consists of six positions on each wrist, and the trained practitioner can determine various pulse beats. According to Traditional Chinese medical text, the pulse corresponds to different organ networks, areas of the body, meridians or energy channels, and physiological processes like breathing, digestion and elimination.

Indian traditional medicine, and especially one of its most prominent representatives, Swara yoga, is also acquainted with an energy system analogous to the Chinese acupuncture system in Indian terminology the qi is called is called Prana, and meridians as naeis (14 of them being basic, like in acupuncture, although three of them being of special medical and spiritual significance: Iea, Pingala, and Sunumna). The Zang/Fu is closely linked in all physiological and pathological activities.

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Summary & Conclusion

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